kubernetes installation and configuration on centos 7

Kubernetes is an open-source platform for automating deployment, scaling, and operations of application containers across clusters of hosts. It aims to provide better ways of managing related, distributed components across varied infrastructure.

Kubernetes is,

  • lean: lightweight, simple, accessible
  • portable: public, private, hybrid, multi-cloud
  • extensible: modular, pluggable, hookable, composable
  • self-healing: auto-placement, auto-restart, auto-replication

Kubernetes has several components and it works in server-client setup, where it has a master providing centralized control for a number of minions.

etcd – A highly available key-value store for shared configuration and service discovery.
flannel – an overlay network fabric enabling container connectivity across multiple servers.
kube-apiserver – Provides the API for Kubernetes orchestration.
kube-controller-manager – Enforces Kubernetes services.
kube-scheduler – Schedules containers on hosts.
kubelet – Processes a container manifest so the containers are launched according to how they are described.
kube-proxy – Provides network proxy services.
Docker – An API and framework built around Linux Containers (LXC) that allows for the easy management of containers and their images.

kubernetes cluster with docker

How to install Kubernetes and setup minions in centos 7

We are using the following example master and minon hosts. You can add many extra nodes using the same installation procedure for Kubernetes nodes.

kub-master = 192.168.1.10
kub-minion1 = 192.168.1.11
kub-minion2 = 192.168.1.12

Prerequisites

1) Configure hostnames in all the nodes /etc/hosts file.

2) Disable iptables on the all nodes to avoid conflicts with Docker iptables rules:

# systemctl stop firewalld
# systemctl disable firewalld
3) Install NTP on the all nodes and enabled

# yum -y install ntp
# systemctl start ntpd
# systemctl enable ntpd

Setting up the Kubernetes Master server

4) Install etcd and Kubernetes through yum:

# yum -y install etcd kubernetes docker
5) Configure etcd to listen to all IP addresses.

# vi /etc/etcd/etcd.conf.

ETCD_NAME=default
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2379"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="http://localhost:2379"

6) Configure Kubernetes API server

vi /etc/kubernetes/apiserver

KUBE_API_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"
KUBE_API_PORT="--port=8080"
KUBELET_PORT="--kubelet_port=10250"
KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS="--etcd_servers=http://127.0.0.1:2379"
KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES="--service-cluster-ip-range=10.254.0.0/16"
KUBE_ADMISSION_CONTROL="--admission_control=NamespaceLifecycle,NamespaceExists,LimitRanger,SecurityContextDeny,ResourceQuota"
KUBE_API_ARGS=""

7) Use the following command to enable and start etcd, kube-apiserver, kube-controller-manager and kube-scheduler services.

# for SERVICES in etcd kube-apiserver kube-controller-manager kube-scheduler; do
 systemctl restart $SERVICES
 systemctl enable $SERVICES
 systemctl status $SERVICES 
done

8) Install and configure flannel overlay network fabric configuration to communicate each others minions:

# yum -y install flannel

Configure private ip address with flannel.

# etcdctl mk /atomic.io/network/config ‘{“Network”:”10.10.0.0/16″}’

Thats it.

Setting up Kubernetes Minions Nodes Servers

1) Login your minion server Install flannel and Kubernetes, Docker using yum

# yum -y install docker flannel kubernetes
2) Point flannel to the etcd server.

vi /etc/sysconfig/flanneld

FLANNEL_ETCD="http://192.168.1.10:2379"

3) Update Kubernetes config to connect Kubernetes master API server

vi /etc/kubernetes/config

KUBE_MASTER="--master=http://192.168.1.10:8080"

4) Configure kubelet service

vi /etc/kubernetes/kubelet

KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"
KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"
# change the hostname to this host’s IP address
KUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname_override=192.168.1.11"
KUBELET_API_SERVER="--api_servers=http://192.168.1.10:8080"
KUBELET_ARGS=""

Thats it.. You can do the same steps on your all minions.

5) Start and enabled all the services.

for SERVICES in kube-proxy kubelet docker flanneld; do
 systemctl restart $SERVICES
 systemctl enable $SERVICES
 systemctl status $SERVICES 
done

Verify your flannel network interface.

#ip a | grep flannel | grep inet

Now login to Kubernetes master node and verify the minions’ status:

#kubectl get nodes

Thats it.. Verify your minion nodes are running fine.

 

  • Khoi Thinh

    Seems like it didn’t work. When restart and enable service on kube-minion it always said that “A dependency for kubelet.service failed” so that kubelet.service started failed.

    • JR Bzh

      It work for me, but, you need to replace a command etcdctl on the master by this one : etcdctl mk /atomic.io/network/config ‘{“Network”:”10.10.0.0/16″}’